Vulpes Libris

A collective of bibliophiles talking about books. Book Fox (vulpes libris): small bibliovorous mammal of overactive imagination and uncommonly large bookshop expenses. Habitat: anywhere the rustle of pages can be heard.


Firbank 3

Inclinations is a strange little tale about the charming Mabel Collins, who bewitches Miss Geraldine O’Brookomore, the noted biographer and aesthete. With Mrs Collins’s agreement they are to go to Greece.

“I shall be leaving town now in about a week.”

“Are you to be alone?”

“I shall have a maid – and a little Miss Collins, who is not yet fifteen.”

Mrs Asp began to purr.

I’ve only read a couple of Ronald Firbank novels before, but I knew what to expect. The narration and dialogue are uber-camp and doubly entendred, laced with delicious little bon mots that can be unexpectedly raunchy, especially in the mouths of genteel ladies. There is very little plot, and the story is drenched with dialogue and epigrammatic descriptions. Firbank’s style is very like that of Ivy Compton Burnett, who began writing shortly after his novels became known: you have to look hard in the dialogue for a key noun or verb to find out who is speaking, or what the conversation is about. But where her novels are often (usually) about cruelty and persecution, Firbank’s (so far in my experience) are about gleeful, mannered leisure. ‘Elliptical’ is one way of describing his writing style, ‘baroque’ is another. Here’s another sample:

Firbank 1“In a strange land, Miss Clint, we women should stand together.”

“I noticed nothing until yesterday.”

“And what did you notice then?”

“There’s more than one trap set for Miss Collins.”


“My gentleman’s after her too.”

“Oh, my poor strained nerves!”

“I suppose the bride’s a bore.”

“Of course she’s neurasthenic and excitable and highly tuned. This morning, for instance, she sat and stormed at me because her white tennis shoes weren’t white enough.”

“Most young married women are ashamed of anything pale … The Honourable Hester Dish on her wedding tour wore black all the time.”

Ronald Firbank

Ronald Firbank

Who knows how many speakers are in there? It’s just possible to work out that these are the ladies’ maids on an outing (to the Acropolis, as it happens: the novel is mostly set in Athens), but they are just as arch as their employers, and discreetly, anonymously numerous.

In Athens Mabel meets and bewitches (again) Count Pastorelli. The ladies lounge in the hotel and go out on excursions with a group of similarly inclined ladies, until one of them is shot dead. Yes, dead. The characters are more concerned with what to wear at the funeral than who did it. Mabel then elopes, leaving an ill-expressed note of explanation for the distraught Gerald(ine), and reappears two years later at her parents’ house, with her tiny daughter Bianca. And that’s about it.

The charm of the novel is in untangling the story, and enjoying the bizarre nuances and heavily-rouged hints (his style is infectious).  When I read Valmouth, Firbank’s most famous novel, I was bemused and delighted. This one I’m not so sure about, because it is so slight. But I think I am persuaded to graciously approve this long overdue reprinting of Inclinations by the far-sighted bibliophile-reprint publisher Michael Walmer, based in Adelaide, because anything first published in 1916 that does not contain a word or thought about the First World War has got to be interesting. I also cannot resist the audacity of the style, the unending non sequiturs, and the explosions of epigrams. Firbank is like Oscar Wilde on speed. I am also intrigued by the delicate little touches that suggests that Firbank was a Janeite. Was Miss Collins a relative of THE Collins family? She has a certain hoydenish eagerness to gobble her pleasures and take what she wants that reminded me  of Miss Lydia Bennet ( a cousin of the original Collins), and her farewell note is very like Lydia’s own semi-literate adolescent effusion of glee. Inclinations is a joy: do buy it.

Ronald Firbank, Inclinations (1916), (Michael Walmer Publishing, 2014), ISBN 978-0-9924220-1-1

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About Kate

Blogger, lecturer, podcaster, writer, critic, reviewer, researcher, and publisher (, in and on British literary history. Preferred occupation while listening to podcasts: cooking or knitting. Preferred soundtrack while reading: the sound of silence.

3 comments on “Inclinations

  1. rosyb
    May 13, 2014

    I do love the cover of this one. I wonder why this particular sort of style flourished so much in the past but doesn’t really exist now. Is it because they were such volatile times that it was cool at the time to pretend to ignore it all? Do you have a theory?

  2. Kate
    May 14, 2014

    Aubrey Beardsley was THE graphic artist of the 1890s, but his style rather fell away by the time of WW1, in favour of a more decorative style, and also less pneumatic and more androgynous. The choice of the cover art for this modern reprint emphasises the campness denoted by Beardsley, even though AB predated Firbank by a good 20 years.

    I think Beardsley is so obviously recognisable that his art has to be used with care these days, it connotes so much.

  3. mikewalmer
    May 14, 2014

    The audacity of Firbank’s style is what ultimately gets me too – that’s it exactly! Thanks for covering this, Kate. I guess I feel there’s a strong continuity between Beardsley and Firbank in terms of risk and extremity which for me makes them bedfellows – it’s a connotation that feels right for Firbank…

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  • (The header image is from Aesop's Fables, illustrated by Francis Barlow (1666), and appears courtesy of the Digital and Multimedia Center at the Michigan State University Libraries.)
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