Vulpes Libris

A collective of bibliophiles talking about books. Book Fox (vulpes libris): small bibliovorous mammal of overactive imagination and uncommonly large bookshop expenses. Habitat: anywhere the rustle of pages can be heard.

Reynard the Fox – or the Ghost Heath Run ~ by John Masefield

Reynard hardbackMost of my youth is a blur.  I’ve never been one of those people who can recall their childhoods – or even their  early teens – with pinpoint clarity.  Having said that, there are one or two moments that stand out from the general background haze like lighthouses on a darkened shoreline.

I’m sitting in an old-fashioned schoolroom in the south of England – the Victorian kind, with high ceilings and long tall windows that have to be opened with those specially designed hooks on long poles.  There’s a blackboard at the front.  A real one.  The sort you write on with white chalk and erase with a felt duster on a wooden block.  The English Lit teacher is sitting at his desk, at the front of the classroom wearing his university gown – as all teachers did then.  I remember always admiring the white fur trim.

It’s sunny and warm.  It’s summer:  we had summers then.  We’re all sitting in rows at our desks – the wooden kind with lids and inkwells and the initials of past students  scratched into the surface with compasses.  And we’re reading Reynard the Fox out loud.  Not all of us – not by then;  it’s  just a few – the ones who enjoy reading aloud and do it quite well.  When we started the poem everyone took turns, but eventually there were about six of us who were happy to do it without coercion.  The rest are listening, or dozing.  The teacher doesn’t seem to mind.  He’s as immersed in the poem as we are.

My sympathies are all with the fox.  Masefield’s ability to put himself in the place of the hunted animal – to put US in his place, is almost uncanny.  We run with him; we hide with him; we listen with him;  we even hold our collective breath with him.  I’m appalled and fascinated all at the same time.  I don’t want to get to the end of the poem because of what I’m afraid it will hold but at the same time I have to know what happens …

It’s probably the single most vivid memory of my schooldays (next to bunking off from PE on Thursday afternoons and going for a walk along the Thames instead) and I was curious what my reaction to Masefield’s most famous narrative poem would be now, forty years later, having never once revisited it in those intervening decades.

What actually struck me most forcibly was the extent to which I’d remembered the second part of the poem and almost totally forgotten the first part – apart from the opening lines.  My memories were all of the hunt – of heart-rending passages like:

The fox was strong, he was full of running,
He could run for an hour and then be cunning,
But the cry behind him made him chill,
They were nearer now and they meant to kill.
They meant to run him until his blood
Clogged on his heart as his brush with mud,
Till his back bent up and his tongue hung flagging,
And his belly and brush were filthed from dragging …

In my fickle youth, I’d blanked Masefield’s beautiful character sketches of the people who were meeting for the hunt.  The Squire and his three daughters – two happy and flirty and the other, Jane:

She was not happy being a maid,
At home, with Squire, but she stayed,
Enduring life, however bleak,
To guard her sisters, who were weak,
And force a life for them from Squire.
She had roused and stood his fire
A hundred times, and earned his hate,
To earn those two a better state.

Or the pugnacious Nob Manor:

His big son Nob, at whom he swore.
Swore back at him, for Nob was surly,
Tall, shifty, sullen-smiling, burly,
Quite fearless, built with such a jaw
That no man’s rule could be his law
Nor any woman’s son his master.
Boxing he relished.  He could plaster
All those who boxed out Tencombe way.
A front tooth had been knocked away
Two days before, which put his mouth
A little to the east of south,
And put a venom in his laughter.

I was about to say that it was a different poem to the one that I thought I remembered so vividly – but of course, it wasn’t the poem that had changed.  I had.  Then I knew and understood very little.  Affectionate evocations of early 20th Century rural life and beautifully observed character sketches were of little interest to me.  I paid lip service to them in my essays, of course.  I made all the right noises,  but I didn’t truly appreciate them.

Returning to Reynard the Fox was like carefully re-reading a long letter from an old friend after having skimmed it once and then put it to one side for years.  From being a ghostly presence in my past it has become a fully-formed portrait of a community and way of life that vanished forever in the trenches of the Somme (the poem was written in 1919).

Masefield invited us to sympathise with the fox, but he also wanted us to understand the people who were hunting him – and to mourn with him for a gone-away world.

I also discovered something else; that it isn’t only smells and music that can transport you into the past.  Words can do it, too.  No sooner had I read the opening lines:

The meet was at “The Cock and Pye
by Charles and Martha Enderby,”
The grey, three-hundred-year-old inn
Long since the haunt of Benjamin
The highwayman, who rode the bay.

than I was back in that sunny, tall-windowed classroom, admiring the white fur trim on an academic gown.

There are many secondhand editions of Reynard the Fox available (the one shown is the edition I remember from the classroom) and it can be readily downloaded from the internet,  but I recommend the 2008 Carcanet Press edition, edited and with an introduction by the Masefield  scholar, Dr Philip Errington.

9 comments on “Reynard the Fox – or the Ghost Heath Run ~ by John Masefield

  1. Nikki
    October 12, 2010

    What a great review, Moira, I loved the coverage of the poem and enjoyed your memories of first reading it. And I’m with you when you say words can transport you back – I Capture The Castle takes me back to my early teens.

  2. Anne Brooke
    October 12, 2010

    Totally lovely, Moira – a wonderful review :))

    Anne
    xxx

  3. Lizzy
    October 12, 2010

    Lovely review, Moira! I’ve not read Masefield’s ‘Reynard’, but the first poem I ever learnt by heart as a child was his ‘Sea Fever’. It stayed with me! Since then I’ve gone to sea and crossed oceans in tall ships and read Masefield’s other sea poems which are moving and incredibly vivid.

  4. Jackie
    October 12, 2010

    This was a wonderfully evocative post, seamless from your memories of the school room(so different from suburban America) blending into the actual poem. I’ve never read this poem, but I know, like you, had I read it as a child, I’d have completely sided with the fox & ignored the rest. Nowadays I’d probably pay a bit more attention to the people & place, so I’m going to find it online & read it, though I’d wager there’s going to be tears at the end.
    That’s a nicely designed cover, I can just imagine how it feels,too, with the firm embossing on the thick cover. I miss books like that.

  5. kirstyjane
    October 12, 2010

    That review sent a shiver down my spine, Moira… Brilliant, evocative piece. Brava.

  6. Shelley
    October 13, 2010

    Maybe because I write about kids in a one-room schoolhouse, I just found your description of that ancient classroom wonderfully evocative.

  7. Hilary
    October 14, 2010

    What a beautiful piece, Moira – it brought back to me days in a near identical classroom in the Midlands, I too admiring the teacher’s gown and hood (russet silk, though, not rabbit). Not Masefield, but Byron in my case – ‘I stood in Venice on the Bridge of Sighs | A palace and a prison on each hand.’

    This has been a ‘madeleine moment’ – thank you! And a wonderfully foxy find for our birthday.

  8. Richard
    November 24, 2010

    I’ve always loved Reynard The Fox, but have often wondered where in the UK the story was located? Does anyone know? Or was the location of the “Cock and Pye”, Tineton Copse, Wan Dyke Brook, Wan Dyke Hill, Godsdown Wood, and all these other wonderful place names, to name but a few, not geographically centred?

  9. Tony Lenton
    May 3, 2020

    You’ve entirely captured my own experience, Moira, from the description of the classroom to the emotional reaction to the poem. I went to a traditional(philistine) Grammar School on the South Coast in the 60s and Reynard the Fox was my first experience of, and reaction to, poetry. The emotion and metre of the poem really opened my mind as did the recognition of the unfairness of stopping up the fox’s holes.
    Your review was as beautiful as the poem itself.

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  • (The header image is from Aesop's Fables, illustrated by Francis Barlow (1666), and appears courtesy of the Digital and Multimedia Center at the Michigan State University Libraries.)
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